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Is gaming addiction a “disorder” or a “junk diagnosis”?

Postby MrFredPFL » Wed Jan 03, 2018 1:53 am

Story : https://arstechnica.com/gaming/2018/01/is-gaming-addiction-a-disorder-or-a-junk-





The World Health Organization lists "hazardous gaming" and "gaming disorder" as potential problems "due to substance use or addictive behavior" in a newly proposed draft update of its widely used International Compendium of Diseases. The listings, set to be finalized this year, renew a debate about if and when playing video games can cross the line from casual pastime to a harmful addiction.

The draft language suggests a patient with gaming disorder is one who lets playing video games "take precedence over other life interests and daily activities," resulting in "negative consequences" such as "significant impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational or other important areas of functioning." Such symptoms would "normally" need to be present for at least 12 months for a diagnosis, under the listing, but could be indicated even sooner.

Hazardous gaming, as defined in the draft document, more generally encompasses game playing that "increases the risk of harmful physical or mental health consequences to the individual or to others around this individual."

The argument over whether a certain amount of game playing should be classified as an "addiction" has been raging for decades. In 2013, the American Psychological Association stopped short of listing "Internet Gaming Disorder" as a formal diagnosis in the fifth edition of its widely cited Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. But it did list it as a potential disorder in "Section III," calling such "preoccupation" with online games "a new phenomenon" that merits "more clinical research" to determine whether it deserves a full place in the manual.







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