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Researchers quantify factors for reducing power semiconductor resistance by two-thirds

Postby MrFredPFL » Mon Dec 04, 2017 9:14 pm

Story : https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-12/uot-rqf120417.php





A research group in Japan announced that it has quantified for the first time the impacts of three electron-scattering mechanisms for determining the resistance of silicon carbide (SiC) power semiconductor devices in power semiconductor modules. The university-industry team consisting of researchers from the University of Tokyo and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation has found that resistance under the SiC interface can be reduced by two-thirds by suppressing electron scattering by the charges, a discovery that is expected to help reduce energy consumption in electric power equipment by lowering the resistance of SiC power semiconductors.

Electric power equipment used in home electronics, industrial machinery, trains and other apparatuses requires a combination of maximized efficiency and minimized size. Mitsubishi Electric, a leading Japanese electronics and electrical equipment manufacturer, is accelerating use of SiC devices for power semiconductor modules, which are key components in electric power equipment. SiC power devices offer lower resistance than conventional silicon power devices, so to further lower their resistance it is important to understand correctly the characteristics of the resistance under the SiC interface.

"Until now, however, it had been difficult to measure separately resistance-limiting factors that determine electron scattering," says Satoshi Yamakawa, senior manager of the SiC Device Development Center at Mitsubishi Electric's Advanced Technology R&D Center.

Electron scattering focusing on atomic vibration was measured using technology from the University of Tokyo. The impact that charges and atomic vibration have on electron scattering under the SiC interface was revealed to be dominant in Mitsubishi Electric's analyses of fabricated devices. Although it has been recognized that electron scattering under the SiC interface is limited by three factors, namely, the roughness of the SiC interface, the charges under the SiC interface and the atomic vibration, the contribution of each factor had been unclear. A planar-type SiC metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (SiC-MOSFET), in which electrons conduct away from the SiC interface to around several nanometers, was fabricated to confirm the impact of the charges.







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